Níveis da língua inglesa

A escala Oficial Europeia, definida pelo Conselho da Europa (COE) é definida pelo Common European Framework (CEFR).

 

A avaliação e o ensino das habilidades linguísticas são classificadas segundo uma escala global de 3 níveis comuns, A – B – C, cada um dos quais se divide por sua vez em dois graus, 1 y 2, até ao total de 6 níveis de competêncialinguísticas.  Para a obtenção de cada um destes níveis estão previstas de 50 a 80 horas académicas de ensino.

 

A Principiantes (Principiantes e Elementares)

 

B Intermédios (Sub Intermédios – Intermédios)

 

C Avançado (Upper Intermediate – Avançados)

A seguir encontra-se a tabela sinóptica dos vários níveis:

livelli-di-inglese-cambridge

A1

È capaz de perceber e usar expressões familiares de uso quotidiano e frases muito elementares finalizadas a satisfazer necessidades de tipo concreto. Pode apresentar-se a si próprio e aos outros, pedir e dar informações de tipo pessoal como, por exemplo, dizer onde mora, pessoas que se conhecem e objetos que se possuem. Sabe interagir de modo simples sempre que a outra pessoa fale lentamente e esteja disposta a colaborar.

 

A2

È capaz de compreender frases e expressões usadas frequentemente, relativas a âmbitos conhecidos (por exemplo, informações pessoais e familiares, shopping, geografia local, trabalho/emprego). Sabe comunicar em situações que requerem uma troca simples e direta de informações familiares e de routine. Sabe descrever em termos elementares o próprio passado e o ambiente circunstante assim como questõs relacionadas com as suas necessidades imediatas..

 

B1

È capaz de perceber os pontos principais de discussões sobre argumentos familiares relativos ao trabalho, escola e ao tempo livre, etc.. Sabe afrontar situações que se encontram facilmente quando se viaja em uma zona onde se fala a língua. È capaz de produzir textos simples relativos a argumentos familiares ou de interesse pessoal. Sabe descrever experiências e acontecimentos, sonhos, esperanças e ambições, fornecendo breves explicações sobre as suas opiniões.

B2

È capaz de perceber os conceitos principais de um texto complexo, tanto de argumentos concretos como abstratos, incluindo discussões técnicas no próprio âmbito de especialização. Sabe interagir com um mínimo de fluidez, com falantes nativos de modo a que a conversação se realize sem esforço da parte de nenhum dos interlocutores. È capaz de produzir textos claros e detalhados sobre uma grande variedade de temas e de explicar o próprio ponto de vista.

 

C1

È capaz de compreender uma ampla variedade de expressões e textos extensos, reconhecendo os significados implícitos. Sabe exprimir-se de forma fluida e expontânea, sabendo usar a língua de modo flexível e eficaz para finalidades sociais, académicas e profissionais. Pode produzir textos claros, bem estruturados e detalhados sobre argumentos complexos, mostrando o uso correto dos mecanismos de organização, articulação e coesão do texto.

 

C2

È capaz de compreender com facilidade todo aquilo que se ouve e se lê. Sabe resumir informações provenientes de várias fontes, quer escritas quer faladas, reconstruindo argumentos e narrações em uma prestação coerente. È capaz de se exprimir espontaneamente, de modo muito fluido e preciso, identificando as mais pequenas variações de significado, também nas situações de maior complexidade.

SYLLABUS 2010 – LEVEL A1

GRAMMAR VOCABULARY FUNCTIONS
§  To be§  To have§  Present Simple (Positive and Negative/Questions and Short answers)§  Present Progressive§  Past Simple (Positive and Negative/Questions and Short answers)§  Future§  Can

§  Would like

§  Place prepositions

§  Movement prepositions

§  Time prepositions

§  Have got

§  Definite and indefinite article, zero article

§  Possessive adjectives and pronouns

§  Demonstrative adjectives

§  Personal pronouns (subject)

§  Personal pronouns (object)

§  Plurals (regular, irregular)

§  There is/There are

§  Some/Any

§  Countable/Uncountable nouns

§  Possessive “s”

§  Much/Many/A lot of

§  Like + -ing

§  Frequency adverbs

§  Comparatives and superlatives

§  What is X like?/What does X like?

§  Alphabet, numbers and colours§  Countries and nationalities§  Jobs§  Days of the week, months and seasons§  The Classroom§  Rooms and furniture§  Parts of the body

§  Family members

§  Clothes

§  Adjectives to describe appearance and personality

§  Food and drink

§  Music, sports, hobbies

§  Means of transport

§  Time

§  Weather

§  Holidays and travel

§  Health/Illnesses

§  Introducing yourself and asking questions about others§  Greeting people, meeting people§  Asking and saying what people do§  Describing people, Asking for and giving personal details§  Describing a place§  Describing a photo Asking for information§  Asking and saying how much things are

§  Ordering a meal

§  Asking for and telling the time

§  Talking about people’s homes

§  Talking about Likes and Dislikes

§  Talking about routine activities

§  Talking about the weather

§  Talking about ability and skills

§  Talking about the future: arrangements

§  Asking and saying how often

§  Asking for and giving directions

§  Asking and saying what is happening

§  Asking and saying what people are wearing/doing

§  Asking and saying what people usually wear/do

§  Asking and saying how you feel

§  Describing people’s appearance

§  Describing objects and giving information

§  Talking about one’s past (experiences, facts and special occasions)

§  Making comparisons

§  Giving opinions

§  Asking for permission

SYLLABUS 2010 – LEVEL A2

GRAMMAR VOCABULARY FUNCTIONS
· Revision of all items covered in A1§  Present Progressive – verbs not used in this form§  Past Progressive§  Past Progressive and Past Simple contrasted§  Future§  Modals: permission (may, can, could, would)§  Present Perfect

§  Past Simple Vs. Present Perfect

§  Reported Speech: statements

§  Tell, Ask and Say

§  Modals – shall, should , may, have (got) to , must , mustn’t, need, needn’t

§  Imperatives

§  Infinitives (with and without to) after verbs and adjectives

§  Gerunds as subjects and objects

§  Passive (present and past simple)

§  Double genitive Quantitative and indefinite pronouns (one, something, everybody, etc.)

§  Relative clauses

§  Subordinate clause following if, when

§  Abstract nouns

§  Compound nouns

§  Order of adjectives

§  Regular and irregular adverbs

§  Adverbs of degree (very, too, rather, etc.)

· Revision of all items covered in A1 – At appropriate level§  Town features§  Hotels/Restaurants§  Workplace§  Money and shopping§  Entertainment§  Travel · Revision of all items covered in A1 – At appropriate level§  Talking about personal experiences§  Talking about holidays§  Talking about future events§  Talking about ways of travelling§  Describing your home town§  Describing a photo

§  Giving and accepting advice

§  Making requests and agreeing and refusing to do things

§  Asking and answering about personal possessions

§  Asking for repetition and clarification

§  Re-stating what has been said

§  Interrupting a conversation

§  Reporting what people say

§  Identifying and describing accommodation

§  Buying and selling things (costs, amounts)

§  Following and giving simple instructions

§  Understanding simple signs and notices

§  Identifying and describing simple objects: size, shape, weight, colour, purpose, etc.

§  Expressing purpose, cause and result, giving reasons

§  Making, granting, refusing simple requests

§  Expressing and responding to thanks

§  Giving and responding to invitations

§  Giving warnings and stating prohibitions

§  Asking/telling people to do something

§  Expressing obligation and lack of obligation

§  Making and responding to apologies and excuses

§  Expressing agreement, disagreement, contradicting people

§  Paying compliments

§  Sympathizing

§  Expressing opinions and making choices

§  Expressing needs and wants

§  Expressing ability in the present and past

§  Talking about probability and possibility

§  Expressing degrees of certainty and doubt

§  Understanding and filling in forms giving personal details

SYLLABUS 2010 – LEVEL B1

GRAMMAR VOCABULARY FUNCTIONS
· Revision of all items covered in A1 & A2§  “Used to” and Would§  Passive (Present Simple and Past Simple)§  Conditionals (Zero, First and Second/introducing Third conditional)§  Would for imaginary situations§  Wish (Wish + Past Simple Would you mind/like + -ing?§  Gerunds and infinitives Present Perfect Progressive

§  Present Perfect Simple Vs. Present Perfect Progressive

§  Past Perfect Simple and Progressive

§  Indirect questions with know, wonderetc.

§  Relative clauses (Non-defining or extra information clauses)

§  Adjectives ( -ed/ -ing endings)

§  Had better (With plain infinitive)

§  Reported speech

§  Modals

§  Phrasal Verbs

· Revision of all items covered in A1 & A2§  Entertainment§  Interests and free time§  Childhood§  Books and movies§  Careers§  Monuments and wonders around the world

§  Travel Words (Travel, journey, trip, voyage etc.)

· Revision of all items covered in A1 & A2§  Talking about obligation, possibility, ability§  Making predictions§  Making suggestions§  Apologizing§  Giving advice, giving instructions§  Imagining and hypothesizing

§  Offering, inviting, refusing

§  Describing education, qualifications and skills

§  Describing a photo Drawing simple conclusions and making recommendations

§  Criticising and complaining

§  Writing a description of someone

§  Writing a story

SYLLABUS 2010 – LEVEL B1 +

GRAMMAR VOCABULARY FUNCTIONS
· Revision of all items covered in A1, A2 & B1 Intermediate§  Third conditional and Mixed Conditional§  In case/if – contrasted§  In case/if – compared§  Unless§  Time clauses: after, as soon as, before, by the time, once, etc.§  Modal verbs

§  If, when, unless, even if, as long as, provided that, make sure

§  Adverbial clauses

§  Participle clauses

§  Gerunds and infinitives Order of adjectives

§  Wishes and regrets

§  Make/let

§  Before/after + ing

§  Question tags

§  Verbs of sensation

§  Causative constructions withhave and get

§  To be used to/to get used

§  Idiomatic expressions

§  Phrasal Verbs

· Revision of all items covered in A1, A2 & B1 Intermediate§  Health and illness§  Education, schools§  The environment§  World issues§  Personal qualities§  Careers

§  Consumer complaints

§  Crime and punishment

§  Computers

§  Job interviews and meetings

§  Telephoning

§  Newspaper language

· Revision of all items covered in A1, A2 & B1 Intermediate§  Describing regrets about the past§  Describing a photo§  Talking about the environment§  Talking about world issues§  Giving and acknowledging opinions on controversial issues§  Talking about learning methods, strategies to improve learning

§  Describing personalities

§  Making formal and informal telephone calls

§  Facing a job interview

 

SYLLABUS 2010 – LEVEL B2

GRAMMAR VOCABULARY FUNCTIONS
· Revision of all items covered in A1, A2, B1 Intermediate & B1 Upper Intermediate§  It’s time/it’s high time + past tense§  Linking words§  As/like§  Clauses of purpose (To/in order to/so that)§  Countable/Uncountable§  The Passive

§  Causative Verbs

§  Adverbs (Of manner/place/time/frequency and degree)

§  Contrasting Conjunctions

§  Future Continuous

§  Future Perfect

§  Modals

§  Gerunds and infinitives

§  Reported speech

§  Be (Progressive forms “You’re being stupid”)

§  Prepositions

§  Phrasal Verbs

· Revision of all appropriate items covered in A1, A2, B1 Intermediate & B1 Upper Intermediate:§  False friends§  Geographical descriptions§  See/watch/look§  Technology and tools§  Marketing§  Banking

§  Politics

· Revision of all appropriate items covered in A1, A2, B1 Intermediate & B1 Upper Intermediate:§  Advising and warning§  Stating an opinion§  Persuading§  Writing letters of complaint§  Writing business letters§  Writing letters requesting information

§  Writing letters of application

§  Writing summaries

§  Writing a speech

§  Graph description

§  Note-taking

§  Describing a photo

SYLLABUS 2010 – LEVEL C1

 

 

 

GRAMMAR FUNCTIONS
· Revision of all items covered in A1, A2, B1 Intermediate, B1 Upper Intermediate and B2§  Emphatic structures (e.g. No sooner had I…/Under no circumstances must you…)§  As/like§  The future in the Past§  Adverb/verb collocations (e.g. strongly recommended/greatly appreciated/categorically denied etc.)§  Conditionals (Revision and variations e.g. “were to” in type 2 to express remote responsibility etc.)§  The use of “ever” for emphasis (Whatever, whenever, however, whoever etc.)

§  Modals

§  Idioms

§  Newspaper language (using ‘authentic’ material)

 

· Revision of all appropriate items covered in A1, A2, B1 Intermediate, B1 Upper Intermediate AND B2§  Describing graphs and data§  Describing a working environment or situation§  Describing a photo§  Analysing differences§  Criticizing and praising§  Recommending

§  Writing references

§  Writing reports

§  Presenting a company, product or service

SYLLABUS 2010 – LEVEL C2

GRAMMAR FUNCTIONS
· Revision of all items covered in A1, A2, B1 Intermediate, B1 Upper Intermediate AND C1§  Future forms (An overview and shades of meaning)§  Nouns with a special meaning in the plural – Good(s), damage(s), ground(s), etc.§  Pronouns One/You/They – (To replace the Passive)§  Participle clauses (Present and Present – I fell on the ice, injuring my arm/Two people, injured when their car crashed into a tree, were taken to hospital)§  Modals§  Idioms

 

· Revision of all appropriate items covered in A1, A2, B1 Intermediate, B1 Upper Intermediate AND B2§  Communication strategies§  Negotiating§  Persuading and being persuaded§  Worrying, fearing, reassuring§  Writing advertisements§  Expressing surprise, irritation, anger, optimism, pessimism, satisfaction

§  Writing letters to a newspaper/magazine

§  Writing summaries of articles, contracts, graphs, figures

§  Writing reports of meetings, workshops, visits

§  Writing and giving speeches

§  Writing a C.V.

§  Describing a photo

   
   

SYLLABUS 2010 – LEVEL A1

GRAMMAR

VOCABULARY

FUNCTIONS

§To be

§To have

§Present Simple (Positive and Negative/Questions and Short answers)

§Present Progressive

§Past Simple (Positive and Negative/Questions and Short answers)

§Future

§Can

§Would like

§Place prepositions

§Movement prepositions

§Time prepositions

§Have got

§Definite and indefinite article, zero article

§Possessive adjectives and pronouns

§Demonstrative adjectives

§Personal pronouns (subject)

§Personal pronouns (object)

§Plurals (regular, irregular)

§There is/There are

§Some/Any

§Countable/Uncountable nouns

§Possessive “s”

§Much/Many/A lot of

§Like + -ing

§Frequency adverbs

§Comparatives and superlatives

§What is X like?/What does X like?

§Alphabet, numbers and colours

§Countries and nationalities

§Jobs

§Days of the week, months and seasons

§The Classroom

§Rooms and furniture

§Parts of the body

§Family members

§Clothes

§Adjectives to describe appearance and personality

§Food and drink

§Music, sports, hobbies

§Means of transport

§Time

§Weather

§Holidays and travel

§Health/Illnesses

§Introducing yourself and asking questions about others

§Greeting people, meeting people

§Asking and saying what people do

§Describing people, Asking for and giving personal details

§Describing a place

§Describing a photo Asking for information

§Asking and saying how much things are

§Ordering a meal

§Asking for and telling the time

§Talking about people’s homes

§Talking about Likes and Dislikes

§Talking about routine activities

§Talking about the weather

§Talking about ability and skills

§Talking about the future: arrangements

§Asking and saying how often

§Asking for and giving directions

§Asking and saying what is happening

§Asking and saying what people are wearing/doing

§Asking and saying what people usually wear/do

§Asking and saying how you feel

§Describing people’s appearance

§Describing objects and giving information

§Talking about one’s past (experiences, facts and special occasions)

§Making comparisons

§Giving opinions

§Asking for permission

Tal

SYLLABUS 2010 – LEVEL A2

GRAMMAR

VOCABULARY

FUNCTIONS

· Revision of all items covered in A1

§Present Progressive – verbs not used in this form

§Past Progressive

§Past Progressive and Past Simple contrasted

§Future

§Modals: permission (may, can, could, would)

§Present Perfect

§Past Simple Vs. Present Perfect

§Reported Speech: statements

§Tell, Ask and Say

§Modals – shall, should , may, have (got) to , must , mustn’t, need, needn’t

§Imperatives

§Infinitives (with and without to) after verbs and adjectives

§Gerunds as subjects and objects

§Passive (present and past simple)

§Double genitive Quantitative and indefinite pronouns (one, something, everybody, etc.)

§Relative clauses

§Subordinate clause followingif, when

§Abstract nouns

§Compound nouns

§Order of adjectives

§Regular and irregular adverbs

§Adverbs of degree (very, too, rather, etc.)

· Revision of all items covered in A1 – At appropriate level

§Town features

§Hotels/Restaurants

§Workplace

§Money and shopping

§Entertainment

§Travel

· Revision of all items covered in A1 – At appropriate level

§Talking about personal experiences

§Talking about holidays

§Talking about future events

§Talking about ways of travelling

§Describing your home town

§Describing a photo

§Giving and accepting advice

§Making requests and agreeing and refusing to do things

§Asking and answering about personal possessions

§Asking for repetition and clarification

§Re-stating what has been said

§Interrupting a conversation

§Reporting what people say

§Identifying and describing accommodation

§Buying and selling things (costs, amounts)

§Following and giving simple instructions

§Understanding simple signs and notices

§Identifying and describing simple objects: size, shape, weight, colour, purpose, etc.

§Expressing purpose, cause and result, giving reasons

§Making, granting, refusing simple requests

§Expressing and responding to thanks

§Giving and responding to invitations

§Giving warnings and stating prohibitions

§Asking/telling people to do something

§Expressing obligation and lack of obligation

§Making and responding to apologies and excuses

§Expressing agreement, disagreement, contradicting people

§Paying compliments

§Sympathizing

§Expressing opinions and making choices

§Expressing needs and wants

§Expressing ability in the present and past

§Talking about probability and possibility

§Expressing degrees of certainty and doubt

§Understanding and filling in forms giving personal details

SYLLABUS 2010 – LEVEL B1

GRAMMAR

VOCABULARY

FUNCTIONS

· Revision of all items covered in A1 & A2

§“Used to” and Would

§Passive (Present Simple and Past Simple)

§Conditionals (Zero, First and Second/introducing Third conditional)

§Would for imaginary situations

§Wish (Wish + Past Simple Would you mind/like + -ing?

§Gerunds and infinitives Present Perfect Progressive

§Present Perfect Simple Vs. Present Perfect Progressive

§Past Perfect Simple and Progressive

§Indirect questions withknow, wonderetc.

§Relative clauses (Non-defining or extra information clauses)

§Adjectives ( -ed/ -ing endings)

§Had better (With plain infinitive)

§Reported speech

§Modals

§Phrasal Verbs

· Revision of all items covered in A1 & A2

§Entertainment

§Interests and free time

§Childhood

§Books and movies

§Careers

§Monuments and wonders around the world

§Travel Words (Travel, journey, trip, voyage etc.)

· Revision of all items covered in A1 & A2

§Talking about obligation, possibility, ability

§Making predictions

§Making suggestions

§Apologizing

§Giving advice, giving instructions

§Imagining and hypothesizing

§Offering, inviting, refusing

§Describing education, qualifications and skills

§Describing a photo Drawing simple conclusions and making recommendations

§Criticising and complaining

§Writing a description of someone

§Writing a story

SYLLABUS 2010 – LEVEL B1 +

GRAMMAR

VOCABULARY

FUNCTIONS

· Revision of all items covered in A1, A2 & B1 Intermediate

§Third conditional and Mixed Conditional

§In case/if – contrasted

§In case/if – compared

§Unless

§Time clauses: after, as soon as, before, by the time, once, etc.

§Modal verbs

§If, when, unless, even if, as long as, provided that, make sure

§Adverbial clauses

§Participle clauses

§Gerunds and infinitives Order of adjectives

§Wishes and regrets

§Make/let

§Before/after + ing

§Question tags

§Verbs of sensation

§Causative constructions withhaveandget

§To be used to/to get used

§Idiomatic expressions

§Phrasal Verbs

· Revision of all items covered in A1, A2 & B1 Intermediate

§Health and illness

§Education, schools

§The environment

§World issues

§Personal qualities

§Careers

§Consumer complaints

§Crime and punishment

§Computers

§Job interviews and meetings

§Telephoning

§Newspaper language

· Revision of all items covered in A1, A2 & B1 Intermediate

§Describing regrets about the past

§Describing a photo

§Talking about the environment

§Talking about world issues

§Giving and acknowledging opinions on controversial issues

§Talking about learning methods, strategies to improve learning

§Describing personalities

§Making formal and informal telephone calls

§Facing a job interview

 

SYLLABUS 2010 – LEVEL B2

GRAMMAR

VOCABULARY

FUNCTIONS

· Revision of all items covered in A1, A2, B1 Intermediate & B1 Upper Intermediate

§It’s time/it’s high time + past tense

§Linking words

§As/like

§Clauses of purpose (To/in order to/so that)

§Countable/Uncountable

§The Passive

§Causative Verbs

§Adverbs (Of manner/place/time/frequency and degree)

§Contrasting Conjunctions

§Future Continuous

§Future Perfect

§Modals

§Gerunds and infinitives

§Reported speech

§Be (Progressive forms “You’re being stupid”)

§Prepositions

§Phrasal Verbs

· Revision of all appropriate items covered in A1, A2, B1 Intermediate & B1 Upper Intermediate:

§False friends

§Geographical descriptions

§See/watch/look

§Technology and tools

§Marketing

§Banking

§Politics

· Revision of all appropriate items covered in A1, A2, B1 Intermediate & B1 Upper Intermediate:

§Advising and warning

§Stating an opinion

§Persuading

§Writing letters of complaint

§Writing business letters

§Writing letters requesting information

§Writing letters of application

§Writing summaries

§Writing a speech

§Graph description

§Note-taking

§Describing a photo

SYLLABUS 2010 – LEVEL C1

 

 

 

GRAMMAR

FUNCTIONS

· Revision of all items covered in A1, A2, B1 Intermediate, B1 Upper Intermediate and B2

§Emphatic structures (e.g. No sooner had I…/Under no circumstances must you…)

§As/like

§The future in the Past

§Adverb/verb collocations (e.g. strongly recommended/greatly appreciated/categorically denied etc.)

§Conditionals (Revision and variations e.g. “were to” in type 2 to express remote responsibility etc.)

§The use of “ever” for emphasis (Whatever, whenever, however, whoever etc.)

§Modals

§Idioms

§Newspaper language (using ‘authentic’ material)

 

· Revision of all appropriate items covered in A1, A2, B1 Intermediate, B1 Upper Intermediate AND B2

§Describing graphs and data

§Describing a working environment or situation

§Describing a photo

§Analysing differences

§Criticizing and praising

§Recommending

§Writing references

§Writing reports

§Presenting a company, product or service

SYLLABUS 2010 – LEVEL C2

GRAMMAR

FUNCTIONS

· Revision of all items covered in A1, A2, B1 Intermediate, B1 Upper Intermediate AND C1

§Future forms (An overview and shades of meaning)

§Nouns with a special meaning in the plural –Good(s), damage(s), ground(s), etc.

§Pronouns One/You/They – (To replace the Passive)

§Participle clauses (Present and Present –I fell on the ice, injuring my arm/Two people, injured when their car crashed into a tree, were taken to hospital)

§Modals

§Idioms

 

· Revision of all appropriate items covered in A1, A2, B1 Intermediate, B1 Upper Intermediate AND B2

§Communication strategies

§Negotiating

§Persuading and being persuaded

§Worrying, fearing, reassuring

§Writing advertisements

§Expressing surprise, irritation, anger, optimism, pessimism, satisfaction

§Writing letters to a newspaper/magazine

§Writing summaries of articles, contracts, graphs, figures

§Writing reports of meetings, workshops, visits

§Writing and giving speeches

§Writing a C.V.

§Describing a photo